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Lesson 2: Crypto 101: Understanding Cryptocurrency’s Value

Demystifying Cryptocurrency

Alright, let’s take a moment to demystify cryptocurrencies.

At its core, a cryptocurrency is digital money. Unlike the notes and coins in your wallet, it’s purely electronic. Secured with advanced math called cryptography, it ensures your funds remain yours and yours alone.

But how do we keep track of all these digital transactions? Enter the blockchain. Think of it as a digital ledger. It’s transparent, tamper-proof, and available for anyone to see, setting a new standard for accountability. So, every time you spend or earn some crypto, it’s recorded on this vast, interconnected web.

Unlike traditional currencies controlled by banks or governments, cryptocurrencies are decentralised. This means they’re not governed by any single entity. Just a network of computers verifying transactions, making the whole system democratic and transparent. It’s a revolutionary approach, granting financial power back to the people.

You might have heard of Bitcoin – the one that started it all. But the crypto family has grown. Ethereum, Ripple, Solana, and thousands of other altcoins, each bringing something unique to the table.

The value of these digital currencies can be unpredictable, but their impact is undeniable. They’re not just assets. Cryptocurrencies are about reimagining money – making it more transparent, accessible, and in tune with our digital age.

As we delve deeper into this space, remembering these basics will be our guiding light.

Why cryptocurrency is more than just digital gold

When you hear ‘cryptocurrency’, what comes to mind? For many, it’s ‘digital gold’. And while that analogy isn’t wrong, it’s just the tip of the iceberg.

Imagine a world without borders, where money moves freely, without hefty fees or days-long waiting times. That’s what cryptocurrencies offer: the freedom to send and receive funds globally in mere minutes. No middlemen, just you and the recipient.

But let’s dive a bit deeper. Beyond just being a store of value, like gold, cryptocurrencies bring unique features to the table. Think of smart contracts. These are self-executing contracts with the terms of agreement directly written into code. So, if you and I agree on something, it’s not just a handshake – it’s a digital handshake that’s binding and automatic.

Today, we rely on intermediaries – such as banks or notaries – for nearly everything. Cryptocurrencies challenge that norm. With blockchain, the technology underpinning cryptocurrencies, we have decentralised trust. Every transaction is transparent and verifiable by anyone. That’s empowerment on a global scale.

Furthermore, cryptocurrencies give a voice and opportunity to those without access to traditional banking. There are billions out there without bank accounts but have smartphones. For them, cryptocurrencies can be their first step into the financial world.

And let’s not forget innovation. The crypto space is bustling with new projects and ideas. From decentralised apps to tokenized assets – which means things you own being represented as crypto tokens – the possibilities seem endless.

So, while digital gold captures the value aspect of cryptocurrencies, it’s essential to see the bigger picture. It’s about empowerment, transparency, innovation, and inclusivity.

In essence, cryptocurrency is not just an asset; it’s a movement. A step towards a more open, decentralised, and inclusive financial system. And understanding this helps us appreciate not just its value but its potential to reshape our world.

Armed with knowledge, let’s dive into the dynamic waves of the crypto market.

What best characterises cryptocurrencies?

They offer less transparency in transactions compared to traditional currencies.
They are controlled by a centralised bank or government.
Cryptocurrencies are decentralised and transactions are recorded on a blockchain.
They are physical currencies like coins and notes.

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Which of the following statements best describes the function of blockchain in the context of cryptocurrencies?

Blockchain is a digital currency.
It's a digital ledger that is transparent, tamper-proof, and records all crypto transactions.
Blockchain is an advanced form of cryptography used to secure transactions.
Blockchain technology allows for the alteration and deletion of transaction records, ensuring that past transactions can be easily modified.

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Why is cryptocurrency often compared to gold in terms of being a store of value?

Because both are typically used for daily transactions.
Because cryptocurrencies and gold are physically tangible assets.
Because both have a finite supply and are seen as hedges against inflation.
Because the value of both is determined by international governments.

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Kriptomat Academy content is informative in nature and should not be considered a personalised or any other investment recommendations or advice.
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